The Pakistani national cricket team is the national cricket team that represents Pakistan at the international level. The team is represented by the Pakistan Cricket Board and has been a full member of the International Cricket Council since 1952. So the team has test status. Before the partition of India in 1947, some players who later became part of the Pakistani team also played for India.
Cricket is the most popular sport in Pakistan. Almost all districts and neighborhoods in Pakistan have a cricket team and people start playing from a young age. Pakistan has won international cricket events, which include the 1992 Cricket World Cup, the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy besides finishing as runner-up in the 1999 Cricket World Cup and the 2007 ICC World Twenty20. Pakistan’s cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy, the Patron’s Trophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup, and the ABN-AMRO Champions Trophy. International Test and one-day matches are played between the Pakistan national cricket team and foreign opponents regularly. Women’s cricket is also very popular, with Kiran Baluch holding the current record of the highest score in a women’s test match with her innings of 242. The Pakistan Cricket Board controls both the men’s and women’s games.
Pakistan or Pakistan (in Urdu, پاكستان, Islāmī Jumhūriya’eh Pākistān, in English, Islamic Republic of Pakistan), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a sovereign state of South Asia. With a population of more than 200 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It is located at a strategic crossroads between the southern, central and eastern Asian regions. It has 1046 km of coastline towards the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in its southern part.2 It also has borders with India in the east, with Afghanistan in the west and north, with Iran in the southwest and with China at its northeast end. It is also separated from Tajikistan by the Wakhan corridor, which belongs to Afghanistan, and shares a maritime border with Oman.
The territory of present-day Pakistan was once home to diverse cultures, such as the Nehropic Mehrgarh and the Indus Valley culture of the Bronze Age. It was also the object of invasions and settlements by Hindus, Persians, Indo-Greeks, Muslims, Turkish Mongols, Afghans and Sikhs. All that region was governed by numerous empires and dynasties such as the Maury Empire, the Achaemenid Empire, the Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Durran Empire, the Sikh Kingdom and the British Empire. As a result of the efforts of the movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Indian independence movement, in 1947 Pakistan gained its independence and became the nation of Muslims who lived in the eastern and western regions of India, where they were the majority. . Initially Pakistan was a British domain, but in 1956 the country passed a constitution and became an Islamic republic. A civil war in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan, which was renamed Bangladesh. Pakistan’s post-independence history has been characterized by periods of military rule, political instability and conflict with neighboring India, another country with nuclear weapons, for control of Kashmir. The country continues to face major problems such as terrorism, poverty, illiteracy and corruption.
Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic composed of four provinces and four federal territories, ethnically and linguistically diverse, with great differences also in its geography and wildlife. The country is today an intermediate power with regional power, has the seventh largest army in the world and possesses nuclear weapons, which makes it the only country in the Islamic world with this type of weapons and the second in South Asia. Its economy is semi industrialized and ranks 25th in the world in terms of purchasing power parity, and 40th in the size of its nominal GDP. He is one of the founding members of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (now called Organization for Islamic Cooperation) and is a member of the UN, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Next Eleven, the ASACR, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the OCE , the D-8 and the G20 of developing countries.
History of the team
After the partition of India in 1947 and the associated rationale of the state of Pakistan, a professional cricket scene developed in the new country. On July 28, 1952 Pakistan was therefore appointed to the recommendation of India full member of the International Cricket Council. The first captain of this new national team was Abdul Kardar.
Pakistan’s first Test Match was held in October 1952 at the Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium in Delhi. It was part of a series of five test matches that went 2 to 1 for India. Two matches ended in a draw. In 1954 Pakistan played for the first time in England and reached in the test series a 1 to 1 draw. The Pakistani victory in the oval in which Fazal Mahmood scored 12 wickets is considered historic. The first international game on home soil carried Pakistan out in January 1955 in Dhaka. (Dhaka at that time still belong to Pakistan, but is now the capital of Bangladesh). Opponent was again India and this game was part of a series of five Test matches. The remaining games took place in Bahawalpur, Lahore, Peshawar and Karachi. For the first time in the history of Test Cricket, all five matches in a five-match series ended in a draw.
Also due to the political tensions between India and Pakistan, cricket games between these two nations are always very emotional. They often generate above-average viewer interest among fans of both sides and even neutral observers. In particular, this is true for One-Day International matches in the Cricket World Cup, which feature sold-out stadiums and a very charged atmosphere regardless of where the World Cup takes place.
Australasia Cup 1986
One of the most memorable encounters between these two teams was the final of the Australasia Cup in 1986 in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates. India started on the stroke, reaching a total of 245 runs. When it was Pakistan’s turn, Javed Miandad came in as the team’s third batsman and watched his batting partners lose their wickets at regular intervals. With only three over games to play and Pakistan still needed 31 runs to win, India seemed to be the sure winner. Miandad wanted to “lose with dignity”, therefore played a few risky strikes and scored several bounds in a row. When only one ball was left, Pakistan still needed four runs. Miandad scored a 6 with this last ball and Pakistan had a memorable victory.
Cricket World Cup 1992
In 1992 Pakistan won for the first and only time the Cricket World Cup, the world championship in cricket. This is considered the biggest achievement of the Pakistani cricket team so far. Replacement weakened due to injury and illness had lost four of the tournament’s first five games. The game against England was the last chance to stay in the tournament. When they reached only 74 runs, it looked like Pakistan would be eliminated in the first round. However, the game had to be stopped prematurely because of rain and was scored as a draw. This brought Pakistan into the next round, then won five games in a row and became world champion. The semifinals against New Zealand were won because of a stellar performance by young Inzamam-ul-Haq, who would later captain the national team for years. In the final England was defeated and the captain Imran Khan, who had been slightly injured himself, could receive the trophy.
Cricket World Cup 2007
One of the biggest surprises in the history of the Cricket World Cup was Pakistan’s unexpected defeat of Ireland in Jamaica in 2007. As a result, Pakistan dropped out in the first round of the tournament and the team had to endure a lot of malice. The day after the historic defeat suffered Bob Woolmer, the English coach of the Pakistani team, a heart attack and died. After the Jamaican police first investigated the death as a murder and heard individual players of the team as suspects, it was concluded that Woolmer had died a natural death.
ICC World T20 2009
On June 21, 2009, Pakistan won the World Twenty20 cricket championship with a final victory over Sri Lanka. The team had started with poor results in the tournament, but increased in the further course.
Recent developments in Limited Overs Cricket
Pakistans team succeeded both in the ICC World Twenty20 2010 and 2012, as well as in the Cricket World Cup 2011 to enter the semi-finals. A surprise came in 2017, when Pakistan defeated India in the final and thus won the Champions Trophy for the first time.
Cricket in Pakistan
After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, tours in Pakistan were repeatedly canceled and held on neutral ground, especially in the United Arab Emirates. On March 3, 2009, it came in Lahore to attack the cricket team Sri Lanka, whereupon no international team traveled to Pakistan. The planned hosting of the 2011 Cricket World Cup was also not conducted in Pakistan. After six years of abstinence, the 2015 Zimbabwean tour again saw international games in Pakistan. Pakistan won the ODI series 2-0 and the Twenty20 series 2-0. Attention caught the attention of holding the final of the Pakistan Super League 2016/17 in Lahore, as well as the tour of an international team at the same place, which also won Pakistan. After these last two events could be held without incident, active planning is now taking place to hold more games back in Pakistan, such as a Twenty20 in Sri Lanka’s tour against Pakistan 2017.
National team is formed by Pakistan Cricket Board.
Pakistan Cricket Board is a sports body that manages for high-level cricket matches in Pakistan cricket team and Pakistan. The work of this organization is to promote cricket in Pakistan and to raise the quality of cricket. This organization raises all types of responsibility for Test cricket and One Day International tournaments. The organization also organizes the activities of the foreign trips of the Pakistan team. The International Cricket Council (ICC) recognizes the Pakistan Cricket Board and it is directly related to the ICC. Pakistan was a separate country in 1947 and before that Pakistani players were part of the Indian cricket team. So in July 1952, he became associated with the International Cricket Council for the reform of Pakistan cricket and became a full member of the ICC. Pakistan played their first Test match against India in October and December 1952.
The establishment of the control board
The Pakistan Cricket Board was formed on May 1, 1948 as “Cricket Control Board of Pakistan” and later this name was changed to “Board of Control of Cricket in Pakistan”. The first meeting of this Board took place in the Committee room of the Lahore Zimkhana and the Nawab of Mamdot was appointed its president and chairman, besides three vice-presidents were also elected. Then the post of vice-president was vacated between December 1958 and September 1969.
Pakistan Cricket Board annual rewards 2012
Pakistan Cricket Board has taken the first step to award annual prize in 2012 This meant that cricket was to be promoted more in Pakistan. Under the awards, Mohammad Hafeez was given the ‘Best Player of the Year’ award and Saeed Ajmal was given the ‘Best Player’ award for Test cricket, ODI cricket and Twenty20 cricket respectively. In addition, many other rewards were given.